What Is DNA? Can We Reprogram DNA?
Hey, guys, today I have come to another new topic about DNA. The deoxyribonucleic acid is an abbreviation of DNA. DNA is a unique identity of individuals. It’s like an instruction manual to our body which is telling our body how to develop and function. So its ultimate code to get understand every aspect of the body.
What is DNA?
DNA is one type chain of nucleotides which have genetic information which is used by the body for the development, growth, functioning, reproduction etc.
Our bodies are made of billions and trillions of cells which is having a different mode of operation. Also is micro sized so can’t be seen by naked eye. Every cell have a different function to do like some cells help us here, some of them help us to digest food, some help to carry oxygen etc. Our bodies have different cells which is work as per the DNA instruct them.
A nucleic acid made of the strings known as nucleotides which are bounded with each other. Holding these nucleotides together is backbone made of phosphate and deoxyribose.
DNA In the body:-
DNA Is available in every cell of the body. It’s found in strictures of every cell known as chromosomes. Chromosomes work with the nucleic acids in the cell to build proteins and help in duplication or when a cell divides.
How a DNA look like:-
DNA is like a spiral ladder. Each piece of DNA is having one long chain that’s twisted to each other in a spiral form which is known as a double helix.
The long chains are nucleotides which are of four types adenine(A), thymine(T), cytosine(C) and guanine(G). These four known as bases. These bases are special rungs. They are like zigsaw puzzle which is always fit with each other like partners. A and T always joints together while C & G forms together only.
How does DNA work?
DNA is made up of the 4 letters which form always 3 letters long word. These 4 chemicals are repeated in different orders over and over in each strand of DNA.
I hope you understand What is DNA? Reprogramming of DNA.